Ficus elastica, commonly known as the rubber plant or rubber tree, is a popular ornamental plant that belongs to the genus Ficus within the family Moraceae. Native to Southeast Asia, particularly in regions like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Malaysia, and Indonesia, Ficus elastica has become a widely cultivated plant worldwide for its attractive foliage and ease of care.
Foliage: One of the most striking features of Ficus elastica is its large, glossy leaves. These leaves are typically dark green, broad, and leathery, with an elliptical shape. The plant's aesthetic appeal makes it a favorite choice for indoor decoration. But there are also varieties that are not just dark green. Here at Sunshine Horticulture 3 different varieties are grown, each with their own distinction. ‘Burgundy’ as the name suggests is, surprise, a brilliant burgundy color. The other two varieties, ‘Tineke’ and ‘Shivereana’ are lightly colored with variegation of cream and pink/red colors.
Size: In its native habitat, the rubber plant can grow into a large tree, reaching heights of up to 100 feet (30 meters). However, when grown as a houseplant, it is usually kept to a more manageable size through pruning.
Indoor Adaptability: Ficus elastica is well-suited for indoor environments. It tolerates low light conditions, although it prefers bright, indirect light. The plant is also relatively forgiving of occasional neglect, making it a popular choice for both beginners and experienced indoor gardeners.
Caring for Ficus elastica:
Light: Provide bright, indirect light for optimal growth. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves.
Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist during the growing season (spring and summer) and allow it to slightly dry out between waterings in the dormant season (fall and winter).
Humidity: Ficus elastica prefers higher humidity levels. Regular misting or placing the plant on a tray filled with water and pebbles can help increase humidity.
Temperature: The rubber plant thrives in temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C). It can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but is sensitive to drafts.
Soil: Use a well-draining potting mix to prevent waterlogged roots. A mix containing peat, perlite, and pine bark is suitable.
Fertilization: Feed the plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season.
Pruning: Prune to control the plant's size and shape. Ficus elastica responds well to pruning and can be shaped into a bushy form.
Despite its relatively easy-care requirements, it's important to note that Ficus elastica is toxic to pets if ingested, so caution should be taken in households with animals. Overall, the rubber plant remains a popular and attractive choice for those looking to add a touch of greenery to their indoor spaces.